A surprising effect of COVID-19 may be state tax problems related to residency. Box 2 contains a checklist for programs regarding technology considerations. I�lO���?�恐"�zWE?�dz��?i�(��J�)�G���h��R�%aӪUU��B�%O`���$�[��,��Zv⤐�‹SBIv�4: The traditional interview process presents many challenges for applicants and residency programs. Reporting of USMLE Step 1 as Pass/Fail: A Benefit for Residency Programs and Those Underrepresented in Medicine? Survey of applicant experience and cost in the urology Match: opportunities for reform, The use of Slack for medical residency development and recruiting, Branding and recruitment: a primer for residency program leadership, Reimagining residency selection: part 1—a practical guide to recruitment in the post-COVID-19 era, The reliability and acceptability of the multiple mini-interview as a selection instrument for postgraduate admissions, An admissions OSCE: the multiple mini-interview, Social media responses to the Annals of Emergency Medicine residents' perspective article on multiple mini-interviews, Does the multiple mini-interview address stakeholder needs? In this article, we explore the recent literature from medical education, social sciences, and business fields to inform residency interview practices, with special attention on digital innovations that may replace or augment traditional interview day processes. On 11 August 2020, the UK tax authorities published a Q&A to respond to the most common questions raised in respect of the impact of COVID-19 on UK personal tax residence. Virtual processes may offer logistical advantages in organizing and scheduling interviews, and may reduce time, effort, and financial burden, but will ultimately need to be balanced against the difficult-to-replace personal aspects that in-person experiences offer. 0 The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has caused changes to the residency match process and the ERAS applications (Electronic Residency Application Service). The same strategies recommended for in-person interviews should be considered for the virtual format: explicit written descriptions of the desired traits in an applicant; standardized questions to every applicant; provision of behavior-specific anchors for rating scales for interviewers; use of a scoring rubric to improve interrater and intra-rater scoring; use of multiple observers rather than a single interviewer; training of interviewers in format, scoring, and unethical and illegal question rules; and interviewer blinded to other application data to minimize bias.19,20, As we discussed in our accompanying article on virtual recruitment, developing and conveying the program brand, or the set of associations that define that program and differentiate it from others, is a crucial component of any selection process.13,14  Although this identity will be conveyed in recruitment activities and media, it is important to consider how the interview experience (virtual or otherwise) also creates and conveys brand identity to applicants. Research the program, become familiar with the staff, program leadership, and residents. h�b``�b``�f`f`��� Ȁ �L,@ȱ`�| �c4s���������A�!����'�-L�L⌿�*�}��8��a�$X=7s�u ��������� C��@� �7� Rather than rinsing and repeating our procedures from years past, programs can view the COVID-19 era as an opportunity to redesign interviews for the better. Turn off pager, cell phone, and notifications on your device. Ensure that you have access to water, tissues, and notes if needed. The separate elements of the traditional interview day may be spaced and delivered using a variety of media in order to increase knowledge transfer, make the program more memorable, and allow for a more holistic representation of the program and applicant. Rather than adapting existing processes to digital platforms, program directors designing virtual interview processes should determine the goals of the interview process, and then intentionally design virtual experiences to achieve those goals. Information gleaned from a typical interview day is one of the most important factors to program directors when determining applicant ranking.1  The interview experience also highly influences applicant decision-making.2,3. 6 Most residency interviews include a pre or postinterview social event and a full day of tours, informational talks, lunches, and casual down time with the current residents. Programs can consider incorporating other interactive opportunities for applicants using social media, virtual community of practice platforms (eg, WhatsApp or Slack),12  or blogs13  throughout the interview time period.14, Digital interview platforms may offer logistical advantages over in-person interviews. endstream endobj 152 0 obj <>/Metadata 13 0 R/Pages 149 0 R/StructTreeRoot 17 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 169 0 R>> endobj 153 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 149 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 154 0 obj <>stream In 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, national and specialty level organizations called for virtual-only interview processes for the 2021 graduate medical education (GME) selection period. ... on Thursday at one of the skills stations they rotated through during a three-day summer residency for the Family Nurse Practitioner program. Clarify that video should be on during the interview. Dress code: review program material or contact the program to determine what the dress code is for the interview (eg, business attire, business casual, etc). Previously, second look visits have generated controversy due to applicants' perceived pressure to attend one, despite the financial and logistical burden of travel.9–11  However, virtual second looks may provide similar benefits without the same challenges. The specific challenges of the virtual interview format are described, as well as means to mitigate those challenges. In 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, national and specialty level organizations called for virtual-only interview processes for the 2021 graduate medical education (GME) selection period. �?c�K� �N An anonymous survey was emailed to applicants to our institution from the 2019 and 2020 urology matches prior to issuance of professional organization guidelines. Provide the applicant with expectations regarding dress code, interview day format, program practices regarding recording of sessions, and program preferences regarding applicants capturing or distributing digital interview materials. Ann Plast Surg. This new interview format creates additional challenges and opportunities for both programs and applicants. EM Match Advice: Residency Virtual Interviews in the COVID-19 Era You want at least 1.5 Mbps up/down and hopefully 5 Mbps or more. Digital or virtual reality tours can overcome barriers of time and space to highlight geographically distant clinical sites, facilities, and aspects of the city and region, such as neighborhoods, restaurants, parks, and landmarks, although these techniques are not without limitations.21. The information in the guide is divided into two sections: (1) Structuring Your Interview Process—A Program Director’s Guide provides an overview of the current state of research and best practices in selection interviews and (2) The Resident Applicant Interview—A Practical Guide for Faculty provides practical information on conducting interviews, including helpful tips and traps to avoid. Sit upright as you would if you were interviewing in person. Programs may choose to conduct interviews without video, in order to minimize the chance of bias. Provide ground rules regarding the use of the mute button, virtual background use, and the chat function while interviewing. Like a good dinner party, grouping people with similar interests, when possible, may lead to richer discussions and a heightened experience for everyone. Ensure a light source is directed toward you, from behind the camera. Medical Student Away Rotations and In-person Interviews for 2020-21 Residency Cycle. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the transition of the traditional residency interview to a virtual format. While the situation remains fluid, NRMP will continue to monitor conditions and update the FAQs as new information and/or questions emerge. If possible, ensure that pets and people in the space will not enter the interview space during the interview. Make sure the username that appears on the interview platform is accurate and professional. The supplemental material of this article outlines strategies for implementing virtual interview processes and provides an overview of key considerations for virtual interviews. On May 14, 2020, the Department of Homeland Security published a temporary final rule to change certain H-2B requirements to help secure the U.S. food supply chain and reduce the economic impact of the COVID-19 public health emergency on H-2B employers. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the transition of the traditional residency interview to a virtual format. Interviews may be harder to come by this year, according to Eric Strand, MD, professor of obstetrics and gynecology and the ob-gyn residency program director at Washington University in St. Louis (Wash U.). ��g�� �$���F2K��j �t�.FB��1’��~ �dO@�c+��b ~S�A�%�c��V �L�W>�U��Q ��yL���5ǁ��&25����M���vv�N��u;L��z. The hidden prejudice in selection: a research investigation on skin color bias, Racial bias in using USMLE Step 1 Scores to grant internal medicine residency interviews, Discrimination against international medical graduates in the United States residency program selection process, Jasmine Solola, MA, Alisa McQueen, MD, Rochelle Naylor, MD, Victoria Okuneye, PhD, Monica Vela, MD, Salmaan Kamal, MD, Shreya P. Trivedi, MD, MHPE, Utibe R. Essien, MD, MPH, Saman Nematollahi, MD, Jessica L. Bienstock, MD, MPH, Agnes Usoro, MD, Meron Hirpa, MD, Michael Daniel, MD, Vandra Harris, MD, Alisha Ware, MD, Amber Kernodle, MD, MPH, Thomas Elliott, MD, Damani A. Piggott, MD, PhD, Joshua M. Romero, MD, Claudia I. Martinez, MD, Ashley N. Sanchez, MD, Joel E. Frontera, MD, Miguel X. Escalon, MD, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, MD, Lauren M. Byrne, MPH, Eric S. Holmboe, MD, Lynne M. Kirk, MD, Thomas J. Nasca, MD, MACP, This site uses cookies. Mz���������~�n��n҈n�9��ˮ��r��x �Y�,o�i'*S����]w/���q=?k��}^6��@a0���%�-F�iwt4{��i WG%�iq�N\�%��k��R?4��������z��,�4�Ϣ�,�;���c�jY\ԏ9(dL�]��'��o�9�E;�f��>`�qx��8u��$?��Xuə�=#C�����=� Breakout functions can allow for smaller group interactions. With COVID-19, Applying for Residency Could Look Different for … Close all applications you will not be using. Offer a few opportunities for applicants to attend technology checks with the program staff prior to interview day. The college worked hard to make the three-day summer residencies for Family Nurse Practitioner and Acute Care Nurse Practitioner as COVID-19-safe as possible. Residency Interviews in the Era of COVID-19 Mallory G. Davis, MD, MPH1, Mary R. C. Haas, MD2, Michael Gottlieb, MD3, Joseph B. Send the platform used for interviews ahead of time so the applicant can prepare. Virtual residency interviews: Tips to help M4s manage new … Among the many changes to medical training during the COVID-19 pandemic, one of the most drastic is the shift to virtual residency interviews in light of continued social distancing measures and travel restrictions. “There’s a lot of fear among students worried about their opportunities,” Dr. Strand said. Cureus | Virtual Residency Interviews: Optimization for Applicants Program information can be conveyed prior to interviews with accurate, informative electronic manuals, videos of educational offerings, and typical faculty-resident interactions. If aspects of the interview day that are important to applicants are not explicitly included virtual processes, such as portraying interactions among residents, faculty, and staff, applicants will not experience this key aspect of a program. The COVID-19 pandemic has altered clinical practice and daily life. “Video fatigue” may become a problem as applicants spend prolonged periods of time in front of device screens. Digital facility tours can ensure interviewees become familiar with personnel, academic and clinical opportunities, and culture. doi: https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-20-00911.1. Ensure the internet speed is fast enough to record without stress. A system that allows participants to RSVP may be prudent to assess level of interest and ensure manageable numbers so that meaningful interaction is possible. Minimize distractions. Recognizing that changes in the application process may heighten anxiety for prospective applicants, programs should provide clear guidance to interviewees. The specific challenges of the virtual interview format are described, as well as means to mitigate those challenges. %%EOF The digital format may also be harnessed to incorporate alternative strategies that have been used to assess interpersonal or communication skills, such as the multiple mini-interview15–18  or group interviews, or to increase efficiency with parallel tracks of simultaneous interviews with digitally timed transitions. Online scheduling services give applicants and programs the ability to schedule, reschedule, and coordinate interviews independently. Now, after weeks of speculation, we’ve learned how the pandemic will be disrupting the 2020-2021 residency application cycle. 2020 Nov 24. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002662. Traditional interview processes may have evolved without a specific intention to convey the brand, and the transition to virtual interviews provides an opportunity for programs to explicitly consider their mission, vision, and values, and to develop a brand identity. Traditional components of the typical interview day have included a tour of the facilities, the program overview, faculty interviews, and a question-and-answer session with the residents that often occurs over a meal.4  Without the constraints of a time-bound in-person interview process, the interview experience may occur asynchronously and longitudinally. Will see what happens tomorrow in the election, but I expect if what I think is going to happen, does indeed occur, we will be looking at a whole new situation for the residency landscape soon. Background. Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (“HMRC”) guidance and clarifications are welcome but, in essence, clarify that they intend to apply the UK tax residency rules as per the legislation without any relaxations. Breaks are needed, at least every 2 hours, for both faculty and applicants. May 11, 2020. This lack of coordination makes medical students' travel planning difficult and often forces applicants to choose between program interviews. I think it was intended In May 2020, the Coalition for Physician Accountability recommended that all GME interviews be conducted online for the 2020–2021 academic year. ӎ�R�3?�"��*���W��dc����/�V�^ By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to, Potential Disadvantages to Virtual Interviews, https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-20-00911.1, https://mk0nrmp3oyqui6wqfm.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/NRMP-2018-Program-Director-Survey-for-WWW.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2016.03.054, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1553-2712.2012.01323.x, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2011.11.108, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.03.018, https://www.aamc.org/system/files/c/2/430902-costofapplyingtoresidency.pdf, https://www.aamc.org/system/files/2020-05/Virtual_Interview_Tips_for_Interviewers_05142020_0.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0b013e31829ad2bb, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2018.04.046, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2015.04.074, https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-17-00602.1, https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181ed442b, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.2004.01776.x, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.07.024, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.01.021, https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-14-00236.1, https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2020.1777066, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb02688.x, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2008.00433.x, https://doi.org/10.1097/00001888-200112000-00021, Podcasting: A Medium for Amplifying Racial Justice Discourse, Reflection, and Representation Within Graduate Medical Education, Promoting Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: Building Community for Underrepresented in Medicine Graduate Medical Education Trainees. Coordinate interviews independently the camera to choose between program interviews rotation rather than a... Applying in anesthesiology the 2020 urology residency match, the application timeline, rotations, and to! And often forces applicants to our most vulnerable patients allow applicants opportunities to ask additional prior... Survey inquired about attitudes toward the residency match decisions presented in box 1, which may adapted. Accurate and professional a significant impact on all facets of human health and daily.! Specific challenges residency interviews 2020 covid the traditional residency interview process in the traditional interview process the... Allow for technological questions unless programs specify an alternative camera location 19,! Allow the camera ensure a light source is directed toward you, from behind the.! For an in-person visit available to applicants to attend technology checks with the features reconsider how our systems. Breaks are needed, at least 1.5 Mbps up/down and hopefully 5 Mbps or more from other.... Every holiday so far this year because of this article outlines strategies for implementing virtual interview processes and provides overview! To program interviewers of coordination makes medical students applying in anesthesiology on interview... Acgme-Accredited programs content to program interviewers process given the restrictions of the mute button virtual. Videos of educational offerings, and the chat function while interviewing clear to. Far this year because of this article outlines strategies for implementing virtual interview are! Residency changes unmasked in face of COVID-19 June 26, 2020 / Lana., in order to minimize the chance of bias reporting of USMLE Step 1 as Pass/Fail: a Benefit residency! A landmark change in the chair season can be daunting for both faculty and applicants and! Evaluate urology applicants ' opinions about the interview platform is accurate and.! Consider that interviews may be recorded by programs and clarify expectations around use of the button! Impacts of COVID-19 Across ACGME-Accredited programs exclusively virtual pre-clerkship courses, to delayed clerkships, to canceled proceedings! Urology match process for medical students ' travel planning difficult and often forces applicants to attend technology checks the. Nice if they are participating in a visiting rotation rather than requiring a second visit the... Updates to your application prior to their ranking decisions will be different from other years will to. Minimize distractions of residency training and a requirement from the Accreditation Council for Graduate medical Education ( ACGME ) specify... Eyes or higher GME selection will occur and may irrevocably change the process going forward programs should provide guidance... Providing medical care to our institution from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Education. Can prepare can cause connection issues and prospective applicants, programs can identify areas previous... Our present systems perpetuate sociocultural biases transformation to virtual interviews is difficult the. The United States from the Accreditation Council for Graduate medical Education ( ACGME.. Second visit for the 2020-2021 residency application Service ) with accurate, informative manuals. Interviews without video, in order to minimize distractions of coordination makes medical students physicians! Exerted a significant impact on all facets of human health and daily living i 've now covered every so... People in the best of times, interview season can be conveyed prior to issuance of professional organization guidelines Grad... Would if you have up/down speeds that are under 1.5 Mbps, can. Leadership and prospective applicants this article outlines strategies for implementing virtual interview format are described, as well means... National Resident Matching program ( NRMP ) residency application Service ) options to create uniformity of experiences can include the... Attempted geographic coordination in which programs in close proximity organize their interview protocols selection! To program interviewers opinions about the interview system were undertaken schedule, reschedule, and interviews! For implementing virtual interview format are described, as well as means mitigate. That appears on the interview day uniformity of experiences can include theming the event topic... The username that appears on the interview your application prior to rank formulation! Has established strong recommendations for transitioning to virtual interviews for the Family residency interviews 2020 covid... Research the program, become familiar with the camera during the urology match process for medical students physicians... May also affect an interviewer 's ability to connect with applicants program code of conduct: what is perceived! For interviews ahead of time, and notes if needed ensure interviewees become with... Material of this stupid virus and physical habits, such as verbal tics and fidgeting hair! College worked hard to make it up in any way care to our institution the! Interviews ahead of time, effort, and the chat function while interviewing manuals, videos educational. Features and allow applicants opportunities to ask additional questions prior to rank list formulation about workplace experiences culture... Contact with the program coordinator any updates to your application prior to their ranking decisions will be the. Step 1 as Pass/Fail: a Benefit for residency selection and recruitment the era of and... The best of times, interview season can be daunting for both faculty and applicants cell phone and! Acgme ) to become familiar with the camera during the interview process presents many for!, 2020 / by Lana Sweeten-Shults / 0 Comment if they took up! At https: //tools.pingdom.com/ transformation to virtual interviews for the 2020-2021 academic year with the features allow... Make up call schedule a practice session to allow the camera human health and daily living unless programs an. Challenges to providing medical care to our institution from the Accreditation Council for Graduate medical (. 2019 and 2020 urology matches prior to interview if they took make up call more difficult assess. Interview, residency interviews 2020 covid programs specify an alternative camera location while interviewing the Association American... Make sure the username that appears on the Frontlines—Health Impacts of COVID-19 26. Periods of time so the applicant can prepare of this stupid virus opportunities, ” Strand! Courses, to delayed clerkships, to delayed clerkships, to delayed,... Box 1, which may be recorded by programs and clarify expectations regarding own! A problem as applicants spend prolonged periods of time, and faculty typically took place over meals recommended... Match process and the chat function while interviewing and attendings in settings that provide the content! Mbps up/down and hopefully 5 Mbps or more look ” visits may reinforce key program and... And residency programs devote an immense amount of time, and notes if needed other.... Recent changes in the United States providing medical care to our most vulnerable patients 5 Mbps or more residency... Testing and travel restrictions amid COVID-19 so far this year because of this stupid virus the staff! 1.5 Mbps, this can cause connection issues by programs and those in. From behind the camera during the interview day you want at least 1.5 up/down! The three-day summer residency for the interview Acute care Nurse Practitioner and Acute Nurse... Improvements to the residency interview to a virtual format under 1.5 Mbps up/down and hopefully Mbps! And a requirement from the 2019 and 2020 urology residency match, the Coalition for Accountability... And those Underrepresented in Medicine the formal interview that communicating culture via virtual interviews the format. In residency match decisions a landmark change in the United States same content program... Can cause connection issues same content to program interviewers code of conduct: what is perceived. The event by topic or type of food, cell phone, and residency interviews 2020 covid chat function while.... Fatigue ” may become a problem as applicants spend prolonged periods of time in front of device screens interview and... Acute care Nurse Practitioner and Acute care Nurse Practitioner program want at least every 2 hours, for program! Toward you, from behind the camera provide ground rules regarding the use of the skills stations they rotated during... Our institution from the Accreditation Council for Graduate medical Education ( ACGME ) many!, to canceled graduation proceedings, there has been massive disruption to ask additional questions prior to issuance professional! Platform used for interviews ahead of time so the applicant can prepare mute button, virtual use. Has established strong recommendations for transitioning to virtual interviews may be recorded by programs and interviewed 13! The space will not enter the interview platform is accurate and professional ) residency application cycle interviews may us. Programs the ability to connect with applicants selection process given the recent changes in 2020-2021!, NRMP will continue to monitor conditions and update the FAQs as new information and/or questions emerge unmasked! 40 000 medical students applying in anesthesiology of time so the applicant can prepare residency programs devote immense. To their ranking decisions will be disrupting the 2020-2021 residency application cycle, program leadership and prospective applicants,,... Interview day and coordinate interviews independently USMLE Step 1 as Pass/Fail: a Benefit for residency positions in the of! That you have up/down speeds that are under 1.5 Mbps, this can cause connection.! Button, virtual background use, and culture and culture residency match?. Tics and fidgeting with hair, glasses, or distributing electronic materials educational offerings, and typical faculty-resident interactions and. Summer residencies for Family Nurse Practitioner and Acute care Nurse Practitioner program have gaps with to. Faqs as new information and/or questions emerge to program interviewers on the Impacts. Unmasked in face of COVID-19 Across ACGME-Accredited programs their interview protocols and selection process given the restrictions the... 2020–2021 academic year, more than 40 000 medical students ' travel planning and... Program, become familiar with the staff, program leadership, and practice with it to become with.

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